By Fern Mitchell. Last Updated 10th February 2021. Welcome to our guide on rape victim compensation. In this article, we’ll look to answer the question “how much compensation can be claimed for a rape victim?” and look in detail at rape compensation claims. Rape Crisis reported shocking statistics for the year ending March 2017, which indicated that nearly 97,000 females and males are raped annually in the UK. The same statistics show that around 500,000 adults experience sexual assault in their lifetime. Following a rape or sexual assault, the victim’s life can transform unimaginably. Victims of rape often experience both physical and psychological injury. If the assault was particularly violent, they might suffer severe injuries such as broken bones and bleeding as well as troubling injuries such as soreness. The psychological effects can be severe and long-lasting. Common conditions include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), shock, depression, anxiety and dissociation.
If you have experienced rape or sexual assault, it is important that you seek help. You may be entitled to receive rape compensation. Our experts are on hand to help you through the minefield that can be rape compensation claims.
You are likely to have many questions about rape compensation claims. We hope that our guide will enable you to access all the details about rape compensation that you need. Our team is always available to answer your questions about rape compensation claims at any time, and we’d love to hear from you. Call us today on 0800 073 8801
Choose a section
- How to claim compensation for rape
- The definition of rape
- Compensation for personal injuries received as a result of rape
- How to claim compensation when rape has caused psychological damage
- Who are the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)?
- What is the role of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)?
- How long do I have to make a claim for rape to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)?
- Facts and statistics about sexual assault and rape
- How will my physical and psychological damage be assessed following rape?
- How will the physical and psychological damage affect me long-term following rape?
- The process to follow if you want to make a rape claim
- If I have been raped what can I claim for?
- Rape claims on a no win no fee basis
- How much compensation can I expect to receive following a rape?
- How do I begin a rape claim?
- Choosing Accident Claims to help you through a rape claim
- Call us now for advice about how to begin your rape claim
Figures from the Office of National Statistics showed that in 2016 there had been an increase of 37% in rape and sexual assault crime compared to the previous year and there has in fact been an upward trend since 2012, mostly due to better reporting which at least is a positive. Rape is a persistent problem in the UK, and many find that the policies in place for investigating rape as well as looking after the victims of rape are often inadequate.
Under the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme (CICS) 2012, you may be entitled to rape victim compensation if you have been a victim of rape. You can make a rape victim claim for both physical and psychological damage caused by the rape, as well as any financial loss that you may have suffered as a result of medical fees, rehabilitation fees, loss of income and other expenses which occurred as a result of the rape.
This guide seeks to explain to you in a clear and straightforward way how the rape victim compensation scheme for rape victims may be able to help you. We will explain what rape really means, how much you may be entitled to in compensation, how to make a claim for psychological or physical damage which occurred as a result of the rape, and how to go about making a rape claim.
Every case is different, and you may still be left with questions even after you have read our guide so if you’re wondering can I claim compensation for being sexually assaulted or how much compensation for domestic violence, or even what sort of court compensation payments you might be awarded, please call us for a free no-obligation chat to find out the answers to your questions around rape compensation claims. You will find our contact details in the last section.
The legal definition of rape is forcing someone to have sex against their will. This includes performing a number of acts without consent. These acts include penile penetration of the vagina, anus or mouth. Penetration with other body parts or objects are also be classed as rape and have been seen in rape compensation claims.
Sexual assault is not the same thing as rape. If you are touched in a sexual way or forced to perform sexual acts without penetration and without your consent, then this is classed as sexual assault. In order for a case to be considered rape in law, there must be penetration without consent.
Rape does not only happen to women. Men and children can also be victims of rape, and they are also entitled to claim compensation in the same way as a woman.
The level of violence and force usually involved in rape means that the victim is likely to suffer physical injuries. This may be injury to genitalia such as soreness or bleeding in the vagina or anus. It can also include infections, sexually transmitted diseases as well as bruises, cuts and swelling. Injuries on other parts of the body and the neck may also be present if the victim has been beaten or choked. It is not uncommon for the perineum to tear. The physical damage caused by rape may be immediately obvious but sometimes lays undiscovered for several weeks.
If no consent was given for someone to penetrate you during sex, and you have suffered injuries from this act, then you can seek to claim rape victim compensation from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). If you would like more information on CICA compensation amounts, then we will be happy to talk to you about them. You may also be entitled to claim from the person who attacked you or the person who employs them. This compensation can help you pay for the often costly bills of rehabilitation.
You may not always recognise the person who attacked you, but if you are able to identify them, then you can attempt to claim compensation from them. They will be liable to pay this compensation unless they do not have enough assets to cover the cost. If your attacker was acting in the course of their employment when they attacked you, then you might be able to seek compensation payment from their employer.
After reviewing your case, our team will be able to advise who you are eligible to claim against and give you an approximate of how much compensation for rape victim might be appropriate.
Victims of rape may be harmed as much by the psychological damage caused by the attack as the physical damage, which leads to rape compensation being awarded. Bodily injuries disappear after time, but psychological scars can remain for much longer, sometimes for life. This is often taken into accounts when how much rape compensation for rape victim payments are calculated.
One of the psychological conditions which may appear following a rape includes post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Symptoms of PTSD include depression, flashbacks, feelings of fear, mood swings and feelings of helplessness.
Other psychological conditions include low self-esteem, eating disorders, sexual disorders, self-hate, shame and dissociation. Rape Victims may even find that they are rejected or blamed by members of the public. Lack of trust that results from an attack may mean that you have problems making and maintaining meaningful relationships in the future. You may struggle to return to work due to depression or lack of sleep which is part of the wider psychological problem resulting from the rape.
Victims who suffer from negative psychological effects following a rape should use the opportunity to make rape compensation claims from their attacker.
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority was set up and funded by the government to enable victims of either mental or physical abuse to be able to make rape compensation claims as well as other types of criminal claim.
They award over £200 million worth of compensation to victims annually. The agency is supported by the Ministry of Justice. Only victims of violent crime who are shown to be blameless are entitled to claim the victim support compensation. This also covers people who have been injured as a result of a crime or people who were harmed whilst trying to prevent crime or protect themselves.
Innocent bystanders may also be entitled to compensation from CICA if they were mentally impacted upon by the violent crime. Relatives of victims who have died as a result of a crime may also claim. If you would like to know anything more about criminal injury compensation, how long does it take or how the process works, we can certainly talk you through the process.
CICA seeks compensation for victims of violent crime to cover the whole range of loss of earnings and expenses that have occured in the aftermath of the crime.
Even if the attacker has not been caught, CICA is able to give compensation to victims. These are some of the factors that CICA will consider when deciding whether or not compensation should be payable.
- Did the victim report the case to the police or other prosecuting authority?
- Did the victim seek medical care for their injuries?
- What was the extent of the injuries that they suffered?
- Can it be proven that there was no consent from the victim?
- How much evidence was gathered from the crime?
- Were their witness statements or psychiatric reports?
- How has the victim conducted themselves prior to and after the attack?
- Does the victim have a previous criminal record?
- Has the victim cooperated with CICA, the police and other relevant judicial bodies?
Although the process for making a compensation claim may seem straightforward, it can actually become complicated very swiftly due to CICA’s strict process for reviewing cases and deciding the eligibility for compensation.
Before you become embroiled in this complex chain of events, we strongly suggest that you find a solicitor. Our team will help you to get your case heard and get the compensation that you are entitled to.
You have two years from the date of the rape or the date that the report was made to the police to make a claim to CICA. If you failed to report a case to the police or you missed the timeframe, then you may miss out on your chance to claim compensation.
It is entirely understandable that rape victims are worried about going to the police and claiming damages due to the fear and trauma that they have experienced. However, our experienced and highly trained team understand how you are feeling and are here to offer support and help you through the process without causing you any additional stress.
If you are still feeling unsure about whether or not to claim against your attacker, then take a look at these facts and figures about rape to help you understand that you are not alone.
- According to the Crime Survey for England and Wales, there were at least 56,152 reported rape cases according to police data in the UK between October 2019 and September 2020.
- The rape crisis helpline responded to around 3000 calls per week between 2015 and 2016. This amounts to at least 171,000 calls.
- The vast majority of people who contacted Rape Crisis were women, accounting for 95%. 33% of people were under 25s, and nearly 2000 people were under 15 years old.
- The shocking reality is that at least 85% of rape cases are unreported.
- The vast majority, around 90% of rape victims knew their attacker according to An Overview of Sexual Offending in England and Wales.
- 20% of women over the age of 16 but under the age of 60 have experienced sexual violence in their lives.
- Just 5.7% of rape cases result in a conviction in the UK. This is one of the lowest conviction rates in our country.
Talk to one of our highly trained experts for help in filing your case.
Before awarding compensation, the CICA will consider the severity of your injuries both physical and psychological that were suffered as a result of the rape. They will also take into account how these injuries will affect you going forward in your life, including the impact on you finances.
Only the most serious injuries and victims of the most distressing crimes are eligible to receive compensation from the CICA. The CICA will also take into account any existing injuries which have been exacerbated by sexual violence. Only injuries valued above £1,000 will be eligible to receive payment.
The CICS scheme will consider which are the three most severe injuries that you have suffered. The first most serious injury receives 100% of the tariff amount, the second most serious is awarded 30% and the third most serious is awarded 15%. The only way that the scheme would pay out for more than three injuries is where the victim becomes pregnant, suffers a miscarriage or is infected with a sexually transmitted disease.
You may also be eligible for payment from the CICA for any medically verifiable psychological illness caused by rape. For a psychological injury which is temporary, you can expect a payment of around £1,000, but for a psychological condition which is expected to last for a lifetime then the payment can exceed £1,000. Only the most serious psychological injury will be considered for payment by the CICA.
Be prepared to be asked to have a medical examination as a doctor will need to give an opinion on the extent of the injuries that you suffered from the attack. The doctor’s report will be used as evidence in your claim.
Rape victims often suffer more severe injuries than victims of other criminal activities. Often these are hidden psychological injuries rather than physical scars.
Unfortunately, unwanted pregnancies may occur after a rape which means that a mother is left to care for a baby that she did not plan for. Sexually transmitted diseases can be contracted and uterine fibroids may be diagnosed at a later date. In some cases physical injuries will be severe enough that the victim may become dependent on other people for their care.
Long term psychological conditions can include personality disorders which would impact on your ability to do your job or to get a new job, form meaningful relationships and may lead to low self-esteem. You may develop depression and distrust as a result of your injuries.
The psychological and physical impacts can mean that you struggle to lead a normal and fulfilling life. You may need to spend a lot of money on therapy and rehabilitation as well as losing out on opportunities in life.
The CICA will consider all of these factors before awarding compensation. A good solicitor will help you to prepare all of the information you need and claim the rape victim compensation you deserve for the physical and psychological injuries that you have suffered.
Although you may be experiencing both mental and physical distress following an attack it is important that you handle the situation in a way that will enable you to make a claim from the CICA in the future. Ensure that you inform the police and see a doctor to enable them to give you a medical examination as soon as possible.
- Go somewhere safe. Ensure you are safe and contact someone to help and advice
- Keep as much evidence as possible. Avoid showering or removing your clothes after the attack. This may destroy forensic evidence. Only do so after you have reported the incident and been told by the police that it is safe to wash. Write down everything you can remember about the attack and your attacker whilst it is fresh in your mind.
- Report the incident. Go to the police or call the Rape Crisis helpline as soon as you feel able to do so. Give them as much information as you can remember.
- File a report. If you were attacked in commercial premises like a school, a workplace or a hotel then it is important that you report the details to the manager.
- See a doctor. After a sexual attack, it is crucial that you see a medical professional in order to be examined. This will provide you with forensic evidence and a professional statement on the outcome of the attack.
- Keep documents. If you have suffered financial loss as a result of the attack, keep as much evidence of this as possible, including receipts.
Finally seek a solicitor to help you file your claim within the timeframe dictated by the CICA to ensure that you receive the rape victim compensation that you’re entitled to.
You may be eligible for one or more of the different payments made by the CICS. The different types of damages it recognises are:
- Injury payouts. This will cover the cost of any treatments that have been required as a result of the injuries sustained from a rape incident. This covers both physical and mental injuries.
- Financial loss with regard to loss of earnings if your injuries mean that you are unable to work or lose your job. You will need to provide evidence to show that you had a secure job at the point at which you were attacked and that the attack was the reason that you lost your earning capability.
- Additional expenses. You may need to make changes to your home, use special equipment to cope with any injuries sustained by the rape in order to remain independent. This also covers any funeral costs and the expenses of medical care, particularly for victims who have been physically or mentally incapacitated.
If any or all of these categories apply to you, then please do contact a member of our team who can look at the details of your case and let you know if you are eligible to claim compensation. Our team will help you get the maximum amount that you are entitled to.
If you have suffered a trauma such as rape you really need to look into getting the right kind of advice in order to reduce your stress as much as possible and allow somebody else to shoulder the burden. Legal fees can be a huge worry which is why we offer a ‘no win no fee’ service for rape compensation claims. We understand that anxiety about how to pay legal bills will just add to your stress. The ‘no win no fee’ service means that you only have to pay for our services once you have received your compensation. If the rape victim compensation claim is unsuccessful we won’t ask you to pay any fees. If you are awarded compensation then you pay us out of your final settlement.
It’s very tricky to put an exact figure on how much compensation you will be entitled to without looking at the specific details of your case. However there is a tariff issued by CICA which will give you an idea how much you may be eligible for according to your injuries. You can use this guide as a sort of rape victim compensation calculator but do be aware that when it comes to victim compensation UK, there may be a variety of factors that influence the victim support compensation amounts awarded.
|Type of compensation||Severity||Amount||Notes (If required)|
|Sexual Assault/Rape||Minor to Severe||Up to £44,000||Damage that is physical and severity of attacks as well as long term effects are taken into account here|
|Damage (psychiatric)||Minor to Severe||Up to £27,000||This is calculated based on psychiatric injury, and depends on how severe and long lasting the effects are|
|Injury to toe||Mild to severe||Up to £13,500|
|Injury to foot||Minor to Very Severe||Up to £13,500|
|Injury to ankle/s||Minor to Very Severe||Up to £16,500|
|Injury to the knee||Moderate to Severe||Up to £6,200|
|Injury to the leg/s||Moderate to Severe||Up to £110,000||Highest value awarded where both legs are lost|
|Injury to the arm/s||Moderate to Severe||Up to £110,000||Highest value awarded where both arms are lost|
|Injury to the Shoulder/s||Minor to Severe||Up to £6,200|
|Injury/ies to the neck||Minor to Severe||Up to £11,000||Highest value awarded for permanent injury|
|Injury/ies to the back||Minor to Severe||Up to £11,000||Highest value awarded for permanent injury|
|Damage to the Brain||Minor to Very Severe||Up to £250,000||Highest value awarded in cases where there's no physical movement and little to no meaningful response to environment or language function|
|Injury to the eye/s||Minor to Permanent||Up to £110,000||Highest value offered for loss of sight in both eyes|
|Injury/ies to the chest||Minor to Severe||Up to £16,500||Highest value will be awarded to injuries requiring thoracotomy with removal or extensive repair of one or more organs|
|Injuries causing victims to become deaf||Partial to Total Deafness||Up to £44,000||Highest value will be awarded to injuries resulting in complete deafness in both ears|
|Paralysing injuries||Paraplegi to Quadriplegic||Up to £250,000||Highest value awarded to substantially complete impairment in motor and sensory function to upper and lower limbs|
|Burn injuries||Minor to Severe||Up to £11,000|
Our team can help you to work through this table to find out roughly how much your claim is worth.
We suggest that you begin a rape claim by having a free consultation with one of our team. You’ll find our contact details on the webpage. We won’t charge you for this conversation, it just helps us to understand your case and look at the evidence that you have already collected. We can then advise you on the next steps to take.
Following this free consultation, we may ask you to see a local doctor or a forensics professional to give their opinion on the injuries that you have sustained. They will give us a better idea of any long-term consequences which may occur.
Following this, we begin the claims procedure. We will keep you updated and continue to support you all the way through until you receive your payout. The sooner you seek professional advice if you plan to make a claim, the better.
Accident claims are highly experienced in the field of rape compensation claims. We have a specialised team who understands the trauma that you are feeling and are there to offer you the support that you need in pursuing rape victim compensation. We know that you want the process to be as quick and easy as possible.
We guarantee that we will respect your need for privacy and will safeguard your information. We will offer you confidentiality. We offer both male and female experts, and you’re free to choose who you speak to. Although all of our team are highly professional we know that you may have a preference. We offer ‘no win no fee’ assistance too.
We have a high level of customer satisfaction, and we’re keen to help you on your quest to claim what you’re entitled to.
For the best team of professionals to help with rape compensation claims, you only need to know one number. We promise to help you settle your claim as quickly and painlessly as possible. Call us on 0800 073 8801 for a free no obligation chat. You can also contact us using the web chat facility or contact form on the website. We’re ready and waiting to hear from you.
Rape compensation claims- FAQs
Are there any exceptions to the time limit for claiming from CICA?
We’ve already mentioned that in most cases the time limit for CICA claims is two years after the incident occurred. But this can be extended.
If you’re able to show that there were exceptional circumstances that stopped you from making a claim earlier, then this time limit can be extended. However, in these cases, your application’s supporting evidence should be able to be determined without a claims officer doing extensive further enquiries.
If you were under the age of 18 at the time that the offence took place, then late applications will be considered. A parent or guardian can claim on your behalf if you’re not able to apply on your own.
If your rape or abuse was reported to the police before you were 18, but nobody claimed for you, then you have until your 20th birthday to make a claim. If the incident wasn’t reported at the time, you can apply within 2 years of you reporting the rape to the police.
What loss of earnings can I claim for?
If your injuries have resulted in you having an extremely limited capacity, or complete inability, to undertake paid work, then you might be entitled to claim for loss of earnings through CICA. To do so, you need to be able to show that you were working at the time of the attack. You should also be able to show that you have a good working history for 3 years prior to the incident. To claim for loss of earnings, you need to have been out of work for at least 28 weeks.
Information on claiming compensation if you’ve been sexually harassed at work.
A guide to claiming compensation through CICA after being assaulted.
A look at how much you could be owed for psychological injuries.
Sexual violence and assault information to those supporting someone who has been through an attack or the victim themselves.
The government shows you how to go about making a report of sexual violence.
Advice and support on how to help a victim or what you could do as a victim.
Thank you for reading our guide on rape victim compensation. We hope it’s answered your questions around rape compensation claims.