Domestic Violence And Domestic Abuse Compensation Claims Guide – Criminal Injuries Compensation How To Claim CICA?

By Mark Ainsdale. Last Updated 1st June 2021. Welcome to our guide on domestic abuse compensation claims and domestic violence compensation claims. Domestic violence and domestic abuse are one of the most traumatic types of violent or abusive behaviour which people can face in their life. Whilst you should always seek help from the authorities, such as the police and domestic abuse charities, you should also find out if you are entitled to be compensated for what happened to you. Whilst we understand that getting some form of financial recompense can in no way go towards making up for the events which have happened, it can help to relieve any financial pressures which you are facing as a result of it.

Unfortunately, for many people, making a domestic violence or domestic abuse compensation claim can be a difficult and even traumatic experience. Whilst in most other types of personal injury claim, the choice to go ahead can often be easy, with a domestic abuse claim, it is not necessarily so. In most other types of claim, you have been injured as a result of negligent behaviour or a mistake on someone else’s part and are compensated for this error.

However, in cases of domestic harm, the dynamics of the case are much different and more complicated. This can be due to the fact that the harm caused to you, the violence or abuse which you experienced was not due to oversight or error, but that it was a deliberate act which the perpetrator carried out on you, perhaps even over an extended period of time.

domestic violence compensation claims and domestic abuse compensation claimsThe choice to make a compensation claim in these circumstances can often be very difficult to make. The violence or abuse will often have happened over a long period of time, and the perpetrator will often have instilled in the victim a sense of fear or one of them not being entitled to any other type of treatment.

This means that when making a compensation claim, the claimant is directly challenging the person they could be most afraid of. This fact alone can deter many people from making these types of claims and from getting both the justice and compensation that they deserve.

No matter whether the abuse you have been the victim of was physical, psychological, or even sexual, and no matter whether the perpetrator is a person or an organisation, you are able to make a compensation claim for the injuries that you have suffered. You could also file a claim for abuse suffered as a child or neglectful abuse suffered by someone who is elderly.

To find out more about domestic abuse compensation claims,  read our guide below. When you are ready to make an inquiry, contact Accident Claims UK today on 0800 073 8801.

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A guide to domestic violence claims

Let’s begin to discuss domestic abuse compensation claims in detail. In the past, police and the authorities often regarded cases of domestic abuse or violence as something which was best left alone and in which they should not get involved. Thankfully this has changed, and today few would not recognise the serious and lasting impact that the effects of violent or abusive behaviour can have on the lives of women, men, or children. Whilst this does not mean that the issue of abusive or violent behaviour in the home has gone away, it is now much more recognised and taken much more seriously.

The phrase “domestic violence” itself has at times been criticised for reducing or negating the seriousness of what is taking place. When a person is physically harmed, attacked or hit, in another setting, it would simply be regarded as an assault. Injuries from attacks in a domestic setting can be just a violent and harmful as those which happen on the street, and the emotional pain, as well as the loss of trust in the perpetrator, can have far a more devastating psychological impact over the long-term.

Even after leaving the abusive partner or parent, people may still find it difficult to carry on with their lives as before, and the effects can impact the victim’s ability to form new close relationships. Read on to learn more information about filing domestic violence compensation claims.

Find out more about claiming compensation after an assault by clicking here.

What is domestic violence and domestic abuse?

There are different definitions of domestic abuse, but the UK based domestic violence charity, Women’s Aid, defines it as either an individual incident or a pattern of incidents over time that involve coercive, controlling, degrading, or threatening behaviour. It may also include violent behaviour, such as sexual violence, but this is not always the case, and instances that do not involve violence are no less serious. The perpetrator will usually be the partner or ex-partner of the victim; however, they may also be another family member or even a carer. The bulk of reported instances are those of women being abused by a man.

The domestic violence definition may include any of the following:

  • Exercising coercive control. This means building a pattern of intimidating behaviour which may degrade, isolate, or otherwise control the victim. There may be a threat of sexual or other physical violence.
  • Emotional and psychologically abusive behaviour. This may also include harassment.
  • Physical abuse or sexual abuse.
  • Financial abuse
  • Stalking in the real world or online as well as other abusive behaviours online.

In the UK, domestic violence against women by men is much more likely to occur than the other way around. Women are also much more likely to experience more than one of these symptoms of abusive behaviour, and many will experience violence by an intimate partner, stalking or even sexual assault. Whilst domestic abuse and violence can happen irrespective of social class, race, ethnicity or religion, women in some communities may be more vulnerable to suffering abuse and less able to find help dealing with it. We can advise you on filing domestic abuse compensation claims in any such situations.

What are some of the common perceptions of domestic abuse?

uk domestic violence statistics

UK domestic violence statistics

Attitudes towards domestic violence can be seen in the Crime Survey of England and Wales. For the year to March 2017, the survey looks at the perceptions and attitudes of 4,564 adults who were questioned about domestic violence. Of these, the majority felt it was always unacceptable to hit or slap a partner. But some people thought violence was an appropriate response to cheating (7.1%), flirting with others (2.0%) or constantly nagging or moaning (1.5%)

If you have been affected by this, you could be entitled to claim domestic violence compensation. Talk to our team today to find out more about domestic violence compensation claims.

Domestic violence statistics for the UK

These are some of the headline statistics with regard to domestic violence in the UK.

  • In the UK, domestic abuse and violence affect as many as one in four women and one in six men over their lifetime.
  • On average, each year, 30 men are murdered as a result of domestic violence, whilst two women are murdered each week.
  • Police forces across England and Wales recorded a total of 1,288,018 domestic abuse-related crimes (excluding Greater Manchester Police) in the year ending March 2020.
  • 5.5% of adults aged 16 to 24 who responded to the Crime Survey for England and Wales in the year ending March 2020 had experienced domestic abuse in the past year.
  • In 2019, Women’s Aid supported 309 women who fled abusive situations at home. Of these, 44% sofa surfed, 14% stayed in emergency accommodation provided by the local authority, 4% stayed in a B&B, hotel or hostel and 7% slept on the streets.
  • 59% of these women suffered further abuse from their partner as they waited for refuge space.

Additionally, each year as many as 400 people who have previously attended hospital due to injuries caused by domestic violence commit suicide. Of these, half will have visited the hospital for injury treatment on the same day as they commit suicide.

If you’d like to know more about the process of making domestic violence and domestic abuse compensation claims, please read on.

How to start a claim for domestic violence

In order to successfully make any type of claim, such as claiming domestic violence compensation, there are steps that you need to take. You need to be able to prove that the injuries you suffered were caused by the action of someone else; in cases of compensation for domestic harm, you will need to show that the violence happened, that you were injured, and that the other party was responsible. Bringing legal action, whether through the police or through a compensation claim, means that you may have to stand up to your abuser.

In itself, this can be a deterrent for many abuse victims. If you do choose to seek the compensation to which you are entitled, it is better to work with an experienced personal injury claims solicitor who can help in building a strong case and who can also deal with any threats which the perpetrator may make.

The most important part of the service we provide is being empathetic to your situation, what has happened to you and the effect it has had on your life. All of this is important as we shape your domestic violence compensation claims.

How to hire a domestic violence solicitor

The first step in the process of hiring a solicitor with Accident Claims UK will be to have an assessment of your claim and case. During this consultation, they will listen to the details of your claim and look at any supporting evidence that you have been able to collect. Good examples of evidence that can help you claim can include photographs of injuries you have sustained, statements from or details of any witnesses who can testify in the claim if necessary, and examples of any threatening, harassing, or abusive messages you have received.

The solicitor will then assess how strong your claim may be and advise you whether they think your claim will be successful and whether you should proceed with it. If they think that you do have a strong case and that you could be awarded compensation, the solicitor which we could provide you will put together a case.

If you’d like to know more about domestic abuse or compensation claims or domestic violence compensation claims from one of our compassionate legal experts, don’t hesitate to contact us today.

How to collect evidence to support your claim

If you’re unsure about what kind of evidence is needed to support domestic abuse compensation claims, then this section will be of great help to you. As outlined previously, there are several key pieces of evidence that could help to make your domestic violence compensation claim go quicker and smoother. Photographic evidence, such as photos of your injuries, can help your case. You should also keep records of any threatening or abusive text messages, emails, or other communications you have received. Along with statements from witnesses, these all serve to strengthen and support your claim.

As well as medical records, you should also retain copies of any medical costs (such as prescriptions) and details of the prescription. These all help to provide concrete evidence of any physical abuse suffered. Along with these, you should keep copies of any reports which have been filed with the police, as this also provides evidence to support your case.

If you do not have any of the evidence outlined above, don’t worry. Whilst these types of evidence can all help to strengthen a claim, you can still make one without them. In many cases, the victim is too afraid of their abuser to have thought about planning on leaving them or planning and collecting evidence. Solicitors and courts are aware that this may often be the case and can still help you to get justice, even if you do not have much evidence.

Why you should claim compensation for domestic abuse or violence

For many victims of domestic violence, the act of escaping the immediate situation and abuse is enough. Whilst this could seem to some people like it is the easy way out, doing so can let the perpetrator off the hook whilst you are then left to deal with the emotional, psychological, and even physical consequences. Filing a compensation claim allows you to hold your abuser to account as well as getting you the compensation you may need to help you start a new life and to close this part of your life.

Compensation could be awarded for any pain or suffering you have experienced, any medical expenses such as prescriptions or even counselling, compensation for any damage to your property, and compensation for any lost income or benefits you experienced as a result of the abuse you suffered. Get in touch to ask any questions regarding domestic violence compensation claims.

The role of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority

Domestic abuse compensation claims will be paid out by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority. In some cases, the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) can also help those who have suffered mental or physical abuse to claim compensation. As well as making a compensation claim with us and seeking action through the police, we also recommend finding out how the CICA may be able to assist you in getting additional compensation. The CICA is an executive agency which is sponsored by the UK Ministry of Justice. You can find out more about how the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority can help you here.

To find out what levels of compensation can be paid out for domestic abuse compensation claims, read on to the next section.

Domestic violence and abuse compensation calculator

Domestic abuse and violence can have long-term and lasting effects on a person’s ability to live a full work, personal, and social life. In some of the worst cases, the victim may experience the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder. Also known as PTSD, the condition can include some or all of the following symptoms, depression, anxiety, panic, anger, grief and even guilt. The symptoms of PTSD can also manifest physically as headaches, heart palpitations, and general aches and pains through the body. Many people will try to alleviate these symptoms with self-medication, such as prescription drugs or alcohol.

These effects on you can all be weighed up in domestic violence compensation claims. When people are deciding whether or not to pursue a claim, one of their first questions is how much compensation they could be awarded for their physical, emotional, or sexual abuse. The first thing to say is that each and every case is different with circumstances, injuries and effects unique to that person. As such, we can not say exactly how much your claim may be worth.

However, what we can do is to provide you with the average settlement awards for different types of physical and mental injuries which people may suffer after domestic violence and abuse. If your injury type is not listed in the table below, we can still help you. These are just provided as an illustrative example, and you can find further information by talking to our expert team today.

Type of injury or effectsCompensation amountsNotes
Loss of future earnings£10,000 - £400,000If you have had to take time of work and lost any earnings or income due to your physical or psychological injuries, you can claim compensation. In certain cases you could be awarded more than the maximum amount.
Sexual abuse and assault£1,000 - £22,000Sexual assault or abuse of a victim of any age.
Sexual abuse and assault which results in the contraction of an STI£5,500 - £22,000Awards for STI (sexually transmitted infections) including HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C.
Sexual abuse which results in pregnancy£5,500Sexual assault which has resulted in the victim becoming pregnant.
Non-consensual intercourse which is vaginal and/or anal£11,000 - £44,000Non-consensual sexual intercourse.
Severe psychological injuries/ harmUp to £44,000Awarded for severe psychological damage where the future prognosis is not expected to be good.
Moderately severe psychological injuries/ harmUp to £33,000Awarded in cases which are somewhat similar to the above, but with a better long-term prognosis.

This table is provided for illustrative purposes only, and the actual amount of compensation which you may be awarded could be different. If you have any questions about how domestic abuse compensation claims figures are derived and what you could be awarded, talk to our team today.

No win no fee compensation claims for domestic violence

When facing domestic abuse and domestic violence, most people’s main concern will be escaping their overall situation. When considering whether or not to seek the compensation that they are entitled to, the last thing which should be on a person’s mind should be whether or not they can afford to do so. This is where No Win No Fee compensation claims come in. At Accident Claims UK, we have successfully handled a very wide variety of domestic abuse and violence cases through no win, no fee claims.

This type of contract means that you will only need to pay any type of legal costs or fees if you are awarded compensation as part of a successful claim. If we are not able to successfully pursue your claim, you will not have to pay anything to your solicitor as they take all of the financial risk. You won’t need to make any upfront payments or have to pay a large bill at the end of any unsuccessful domestic abuse compensation claims.

No Win No Fee claims were designed to remove any financial pressures from a claimant. Our specialist team is on hand every day and can answer all your questions about how domestic violence compensation claims work on a No Win No Fee basis.

Why choose Accident Claims UK as your claims management service

The expert team at Accident Claims UK have years of experience in helping claimants to make a successful compensation claim. This means that we are uniquely placed to help you to seek compensation for your injuries and harm caused to you. Our initial free consultation will provide you with a risk-free way to begin your claim and to learn more about getting the compensation claim that you are entitled to.

This consultation will also help us to learn everything our team will need to know about how your abuse happened, the form it took and the time period it occurred over. During this, we may also be able to start to estimate how much you could be entitled to claim.

Remember, our expert team has years of experience in helping to process claims just like yours. We know that it is important to ensure that you feel listened to and comfortable with the claims process and will always be on hand to take your call.

Talk to us today

If you are ready to find out more or to start making your domestic abuse compensation claim, you should call our expert team today. You can reach our team by calling 0800 073 8801. You can also reach our team by sending our team a message a contact form. To see other ways to contact Accident Claims UK about domestic violence compensation claims, view our contact details here.

Domestic abuse compensation claims- FAQs

How long do I have to make a domestic abuse compensation claim with CICA?

Usually, CICA claims should be made within two years of the incident occurring if you were an adult at the time. However, if you suffered from your abuse more than two years ago you may still be able to claim.

The time limit can be extended if you can show that exceptional circumstances stopped you from being able to claim beforehand. You should also be able to provide enough evidence that the application can be determined without a claims officer needing to make extensive enquiries.

If you were under 18 at the time of the abuse, and it wasn’t reported at the time, then you have 2 years from reporting to make a claim. If it was reported at the time, you can claim up until your 20th birthday.

How long will it take for my claim to be settled? 

The time it will take for your claim to be processed will depend on a number of factors, and the more complicated your claim is the longer it will take CICA to make a decision. CICA won’t make a decision on your claim until you’ve recovered from your injuries as much as you can be expected to.

If your claim is eligible then you will be paid but, because of the large volume of cases that CICA deal with each year, you can expect to wait up to 12 months for payment.

Can you claim compensation for mental abuse?

Yes, compensation claims cover both physical and psychological injuries.

How is compensation paid to a victim?

This generally comes in installments, though there are scenarios where the payment is made as one lump sum.

Can you sue for childhood trauma?

Yes, children who suffer trauma are able to sue, either via a litigation friend or once they are 18 or over.

Should I accept the first offer of compensation?

We recommend that you don’t do this because the first offer is never the largest offer possible.

What happens if I reject a settlement offer?

You will likely receive a second offer at some stage, though you can’t accept the first offer later on.

Can I sue the mother of my child for emotional distress?

It is possible to make a claim against the mother for any distress caused within the relationship.

Useful links

Women’s Aid
Find information and advice about how to deal with domestic violence and abuse, as well as how to get the help you need.

NHS Domestic Violence Help
Find out further information about how to get help and support if you have suffered domestic violence or domestic abuse with this guide from the NHS.

Government guidance on domestic abuse

Find out more about how to recognise domestic abuse, the kinds of abuse that people can be subjected to and reporting abuse, along with medical treatment options. And it covers how to report to the police about any harmful situations.

Psychological injuries claims

Our guide to claiming for psychological injuries such as depression, anxiety and PTSD.

Sexually harassed at work claims
This guide takes you through the process of claiming for sexual abuse at work.

Sexual abuse compensation claims 

This guide will tell you all you need to know about claiming compensation for sexual abuse, both recent and historic.

Thank you for reading our guide on domestic violence compensation claims and domestic abuse compensation claims.