I Had A Cycle Accident On A Roundabout, Who Is At Fault?

Cycle accident on a roundabout

Cycle accident on a roundabout

By Fern Easton. Last Updated 4th March 2021. Welcome to our guide on claiming after a cycle accident on a roundabout. Here, we’re going to look at the question, “There’s been a cycling accident on a roundabout; who is at fault?” Determining roundabout accident liability is really important. That’s because if you can’t prove somebody else was to blame for the accident, you won’t be able to claim compensation.

We’re going to look at the rules of navigating a roundabout on a bike, when a car driver might be to blame for a collision, and when you could be entitled to claim compensation. Finally, we’ll look at compensation amounts for different types of injury.

Accident Claims UK provides a personal injury claims service where you can receive free advice from our specialists. They’ll also offer a no-obligation assessment of your claim. If you decide to make a claim, and it’s found to be valid, you could be introduced to one of our No Win No Fee solicitors. If you’re already committed to starting a claim, you can contact our advisers on 0800 073 8801 today.

Alternatively, to find out more information on who could be at fault in a roundabout accident, please continue reading.

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A Guide To Who Is At Fault For A Cycle Accident On A Roundabout

Before looking at who is at fault for a cycling accident on a roundabout, we should inform you of the personal injury time limit associated with claims. In normal circumstances, this is 3 years from the date the accident took place. However, there are exceptions to this rule.

The other main criteria a solicitor would require that you demonstrate before they take on your claim are as follows:

  • You had an accident while cycling on a roundabout.
  • The incident was caused by another road user’s negligence.
  • The incident left you injured.

Proving the first and last of the points above can be quite easy to prove by having witness statements and medical records. However, proving liability for a roundabout accident can be trickier. Therefore, we’ll provide advice on what steps you can take to prove liability later in this guide. We’ll also look at the highway code for cyclists together with cycling accident statistics.

We have a team of solicitors who specialise in personal injury claims, including road traffic accidents. They have years of experience and the knowledge that could help you prove who was at fault for a cycle accident on a roundabout. Having a specialist on your side can make all the difference between winning the right level of compensation for your injuries or losing the case because you don’t have sufficient evidence to prove who was to blame.

When you’ve read through our guide, if you still have any unanswered questions, please contact our advisers. The advice we offer is free, and you’re under no obligation to proceed with a claim should you not wish to.

What Is A Cycling Accident On A Roundabout?

The purpose of this guide is to try and help you determine who could be at fault for a cycle accident on a roundabout. But what do we mean by ‘roundabout accident’? Well, in terms of personal injury claims, we’re talking about an accident where you, the cyclist, were injured following a collision with another vehicle while negotiating a roundabout. For your claim to be valid, you’ll need to be able to demonstrate that the accident was caused by the negligence of the other road user.

The types of accident where a driver could be to blame for an accident include where the driver is in the wrong lane and cuts across the roundabout to take an exit, or when they lose control due to excessive speed, or if they collide with a cyclist from behind. We’ll look in more detail at the types of potential accidents later in this guide.

Cycling Road Traffic Accident Statistics

Statistics from the Department of Transport show that cyclists, alongside pedestrians and motorcyclists, are more likely to be injured in road traffic accidents when looking at the casualty rate per billion miles travelled, although the accident rate for car drivers is much higher in general. The graph below displays the disproportionate number of casualties that affect vulnerable road users.

Vulnerable road user casualties statistics graph

Vulnerable road user casualties statistics graph

However, the statistics for fatality rates per billion miles travelled in the same year show that cycling crashes are less likely to result in fatalities; cyclists are killed at a rate of 29.4 per billion miles travelled, compared to motorcyclists at 113.3 fatalities per billion miles travelled, and pedestrians at 34.1 fatalities per billion miles.

Roundabout accident severity statistics graph

Roundabout accident severity statistics graph

The graph above shows the number of accidents reported in roundabouts, of any severity, at different road types in 2017. We can see that the road type with the lowest rate of accidents are motorways. The data released by the Department of Transport also included accidents that occured on motorways, however, as cyclists aren’t permitted on motorways they wouldn’t be included in these accident numbers.  We can see that accidents on roundabouts are far more likely to be slight than serious or fatal. It also indicates that the number of roundabout accidents on built-up roads far outstrips the number of roundabout crashes on non-built-up roads.

The Highway Code For Cyclists And Roundabouts

So, how do you know what lane to use as a cyclist on a roundabout? Well, the highway code has 6 rules providing advice on how to use a roundabout. Some of the rules contained in rules 184 to 190 of the highway code instruct you to:

  • Give way to traffic coming from the right when entering a roundabout.
  • Choose your exit quickly, use the correct lane and indicate before and when exiting.
  • Be aware of other road users and remember that they might not be indicating correctly.
  • Drive in the left-hand lane if exiting at the first exit.
  • Approach in the right-hand lane if exiting to the right or going full circle.
  • Use an appropriate lane for any intermediate exit and signal left when exiting.
  • Be aware of traffic crossing in front of you and also cyclists (who may stay in the left-hand lane regardless of which exit they’re using).

For cyclists, there are 2 specific rules in the highway code, rules 76 and 77, which explain how to ride around a roundabout. Rule 76 actually tells the cyclist to refer to the general rules shown above (184 to 190). However, rule 77 does contain advice for cyclists, including:

  • Be careful as drivers may not see you properly.
  • When cycling across exits, take extra care. You might need to use right-hand turn hand signals to indicate that you’re not exiting.
  • Watch out for other vehicles crossing your path that may be leaving or joining the roundabout.

The general advice is that you can stay in the left-hand lane if you feel it’s safe to do so. Alternatively, the advice says that you could walk your bike across crossings if you’re not confident cycling on a roundabout.

What Could Cause A Cycle Accident At A Roundabout?

There are quite a few scenarios where an accident involving a cyclist could happen on a roundabout. Here are some of the more common:

  • A motorist entering the roundabout without realising a cyclist is approaching.
  • Motor vehicles cutting across the path of a cyclist to exit the roundabout.
  • Vehicles changing lanes on a roundabout without noticing a cyclist in the space they’re entering.

Proving who is at fault for a cycle accident on a roundabout can be tricky and could involve multiple vehicles. Therefore, we advise using a specialist solicitor who can review the evidence you provide and who has the ability to prove liability. In the next sections, we’ll look at who could be at fault and how you may be able to prove it.

Who May Be At Fault If You Have A Cycle Accident At A Roundabout?

When a cycling accident occurs on a roundabout, to make a claim, you need to be able to show who could be to blame. There are a number of potential scenarios, which includes the following:

  • Another driver
  • A combination of different drivers
  • You (the cyclist) and the other driver

When the claim is caused by another driver or multiple drivers, your solicitor will use the evidence you provide to file a claim against them. In cases where you’re partially to blame for the accident, a claim could still be possible. Should this be the case, we recommend you discuss your case with a member of our team.

Consider a case where you were riding around the roundabout in the left lane. You intend to carry on round the roundabout to the next exit but do not signal to the right. Another driver exists across your path because they believe you were exiting too. In this scenario, you could be partially to blame because of the lack of hand signals. The other driver could also be partially to blame because they didn’t give you enough space to continue round. Therefore, your solicitor and their insurer would work out what percentage of the blame is applicable to each party. Once decided, the compensation would be calculated and then reduced accordingly.

What Should I Do If I Have A Cycle Accident At A Roundabout?

When making a claim for any type of road traffic accident, you’ll need evidence to support your case. It needs to show:

  • What happened
  • Who was to blame
  • The injuries that you suffered
  • Any costs you incurred

Therefore, if you’re involved in a cycling accident on a roundabout, you could take the following steps to try and prove what happened:

  • Take photographs at the scene of the accident. If possible, do so before any vehicles have been moved from the scene.
  • Record the details of all vehicles involved. This could include the make, model and colour of the vehicle. Also, record the licence plate number.
  • Ask for the details of any driver involved. Ask for their name, address, contact number and insurance providers details. If you’re injured, and they fail to provide this information, they could be committing an offence under The Road Traffic Act 1988.
  • Visit a GP or A&E for treatment. This will ensure your injuries are assessed and treated. Medical records from the appointment can be used to show the injuries you sustained and are essential when it comes to filing a personal injury claim against a negligent third party.
  • Report the accident to the police. If somebody is injured, this should be done at the scene; otherwise, you can report the incident within 24-hours
  • Ask any witnesses for their details. Also, if they have a dashcam fitted to their vehicle, ask to be sent a copy of the footage.

While this can seem time-consuming, the more evidence you have, the easier your solicitor will find it piecing together the chain of events that led to the accident and the stronger your case would be.

What Happens If The Other Party Admits Liability?

While you’re at the scene of the accident, if another driver accepts the blame, you should still gather as much evidence as possible. That’s because it’s not unheard of for people to change their minds and deny liability when contacted by your solicitor. However, if the other driver’s solicitor accepts liability on their behalf, the claims process can move on to the settlement phase.

When a solicitor accepts liability, it could be in any of the following ways:

  • Accept full responsibility. This means they agree their client was to blame for the accident and for the injuries claimed for
  • Admitting liability except for causation. This means that the other driver has agreed that they are to blame for the accident. However, they aren’t admitting the blame for your injuries. This isn’t unusual. It just means that their insurer wants medical evidence to prove that the injuries were a) real and b) caused by the accident and not in some other way.
  • Accepting partial liability. In this scenario, the other party admits being to blame but also alleges that you’re also partially to blame. This can be contested between both parties until an agreement is made on the different levels of blame. An example being the driver was 75% to blame, and you were 25%. Compensation would then be awarded accordingly.

Cycle Accident On A Roundabout Compensation Claims Calculator

You might want to know how much compensation you could receive following a roundabout collision if your claim is successful. While it’s not possible to say definitively how much compensation you could be awarded, as every case is unique, we have provided the personal injury claims compensation table below. It shows figures that courts, insurers and solicitors use when calculating compensation figures which are based on the Judicial College Guidelines.

InjuryHow Severe?Compensation Notes
Neck InjurySevere£42,680 to £52,420Injuries where fractures, dislocations or ruptured tendons lead to permanent and chronic disabilities.
Neck InjuryMinor£2,300 to £4,080Soft tissue injuries of the neck which recover fully, without surgery, within three months to a year.
Back InjurySevere£36,390 to £65,440Disc lesions, disc fractures or soft tissue damage that lead to chronic conditions leave disabilities despite treatment.
Back InjuryMinorUp to £2,300Soft tissue injuries of the back where complete and full recovery happens within 3 months.
Arm InjurySimple Fracture£6,190 to £18,020This compensation range covers simple forearm fractures.
Elbow InjurySevere£36,770 to £51,460This category includes severley disabling injury to the elbow.
Elbow InjuryLess Severe£14,690 to £30,050Those injuries which cause impaired function but don’t require major surgery or result in significant disability.
Wrist InjuryFractureIn the region of £6,970An uncomplicated Colles' fracture of the wrist would fit into this category.
Leg InjuryVery Serious£51,460 to £85,600Injuries which mean the claimant requires the permanent use of crutches for the rest of their life.
Ankle InjurySevere£29,380 to £46,980Fractures or other ankle injuries where pins and plates are needed to stablise the injury. There will be significant residual disabilities.

Importantly, the figures are based on the severity of your injuries. Therefore, to ensure you receive a fair amount of compensation, your solicitor would need to prove the exact nature of your suffering. Our solicitors use independent doctors to assess your injuries, and they produce a medical report which shows what injuries were initially sustained, the impact they caused and what long-term effects, if any, there might be.

To find out what else can be included in your compensation after a cycling accident on a roundabout, read on to our next section. 

Special Damages For Medical Costs And Other Expenses

When your solicitor sits down to calculate the compensation they’ll ask for, they look at two things, namely general damages and special damages. General damages are awarded to compensate an injured party for the pain and suffering suffered. The table in the previous section provides general damages amounts for various injuries.

Special damages, however, are awarded for financial losses linked to your collision on a roundabout. There are many elements that can make up a special damages claim. They can include:

  • Care costs
    In the event you need support while recovering from your injuries, you could claim back the cost of a carer. This could be a professional carer’s fees, or it could also include the time of a family member who cared for you.
  • Medical costs
    The cost of any treatment you’ll receive will usually be free on the NHS. However, the costs of other medical care, over the counter medicines, and prescription costs for some, can soon add up and would not be covered by the NHS. Therefore, these could be included
  • Travelling expenses
    If you need to travel to and from the hospital or GP appointments, then you could claim back the fuel costs and any car parking fees.
  • Lost income
    Some people don’t get paid full sick pay when taking time off work for medical appointments or to recover. If that’s the case, you could claim back any lost earnings. If your injuries are going to affect your work capacity long-term, you could claim for future lost income too.
  • Damaged property
    Finally, if any item of your personal property is damaged in an accident on a roundabout, you could claim for replacing or repairing the item. This might include the bike, your helmet or clothing.

To aid your solicitor, you should retain any receipts and other relevant documents that are linked to items you’re going to claim as special damages.

No Win No Fee Claims For A Cycle Accident On A Roundabout

When you’ve worked out who is at fault for a cycling accident on a roundabout and decided to make a claim, you might worry about the cost of hiring a personal injury lawyer to represent you.

Our solicitors work on a No Win No Fee basis for cases they take on. This means more people are able to claim compensation for injuries sustained without worrying about the financial cost.

To work on this basis, a personal injury solicitor would need to check your claim is valid. Once they’ve done so, if they agree to take on your claim, they’ll give you a Conditional Fee Agreement to sign (CFA). The CFA explains that there are no solicitor’s fees payable unless you receive compensation. It also explains the success fee you’ll pay when your case is won.

The success fee is used to pay the solicitor’s fees. It’s a percentage of your compensation that’s deducted before the remainder of the settlement is sent to you.

If you’d like us to check whether you can claim on a No Win No Fee basis, call an adviser today.

How To Make A Cycle Accident Claim

Now that you’ve read about claiming for a cyclist accident at a roundabout, you might want to know why we think you should use Accident Claims UK. Here are some reasons:

  • You can contact us 24-hours a day, 7-days a week.
  • The advice provided by our advisers is free of charge.
  • We offer a no-obligation assessment of your claim.
  • Our team of solicitors have been working on personal injury claims for up to 30 years.
  • Our solicitors always try to work as swiftly as possible, so they don’t cause any delays.
  • Finally, our solicitors will always try and ensure you receive the correct level of compensation. They’ll do so by presenting as much evidence as possible to show the true level of suffering caused by your cycling accident.

If there’s any more information you need about how we could help you claim, please get in touch today.

Start Your Cycle Accident On A Roundabout Claim

Hopefully, you now know who could be at fault for a cycle accident on a roundabout. If you believe somebody else was to blame for your accident and injuries, we hope you’d like to use Accident Claims UK to make your claim. If so, you can contact us by any of the following routes:

When you get in touch, our advisers will begin by assessing your evidence in a no-obligation assessment. They’ll then provide you with free legal advice about your options. If they believe your personal injury claim is winnable, they could introduce you to one of our solicitors. If they take on your claim, it’ll be on a No Win No Fee basis.

Further Guides

To assist you further, we’ve linked to some more of our relevant guides:

Roundabout Accident Claims – If you’re a cyclist who was hit by a car at a roundabout, this is another guide that might prove helpful.

Cycling Accident Claims – In this guide, you’ll find information on how a personal injury solicitor could help a cyclist hit by a car claim compensation.

Road Traffic Accident Claims – This guide looks at all sorts of personal injury claims for injuries sustained in RTAs.

Cycling Road Safety Resources

Finally, here are some cycling safety resources which you might find useful:

Government advice on cycling safety – Guidance on how to use the road safely as a cyclist.

Advice For Cyclists – This article, from Brake, a road safety charity, provides advice on cycling safely on UK roads.

The Highway Code For Cyclists – Sections 59 to 82 of the Highway Code provide the rules for cyclists.

Thank you for reading our guide on making a claim following a cycle accident on a roundabout.

Article by BH

Editor Honey